Gums are important because they protect the underlying bone and the roots of the teeth from bacteria. Gum disease is inflammation of gum disease around the tooth, red/swollen gums and bleeding gums are a sign of gum disease. Gingivitis is not painful and if caught early is it reversible with proper oral hygiene. is an increased chance of systemic problems with periodontal disease such as heart disease, diabetes and premature low birth weight in newborn babies.
The best thing you can do when caring for your gums is flossing. It helps get rid of food partials and bacteria between your teeth and underneath the gums. The floss removes the sticky biofilm called plaque, this bacteria creates inflamed gums. There are many different types of floss, ask your Dentist or Dental Hygienist which kind is best for you.
Brushing your gums gently is great too, brushing them in a circular motion to remove bacteria and any food that may be on them.
See your dentist on a regular basis to have a dental exam and x-rays. See your Dental hygienist for regular cleanings typically every 6months, but maybe more frequently like every 3 to 4 months if you have periodontal disease. Ask your Dental Hygienist on what cleaning frequency is recommended for your mouth.